Referral Veterinary Services

Referral Veterinary Services

Ophthalmology Referral Services


We see an array of species for ophthalmology referrals, but most commonly horses, dogs and cats. Usually we will have either spoken to your own vet before seeing you, or had a letter from them. We will have received a full medical history from them, so we are aware what conditions have previously been diagnosed and what treatments have been used already.

Download Consultations Information Sheet


What is an emergency? If you notice any of the following symptoms, please seek professional advice urgently:

  • Sudden loss of vision in one or both eyes
  • A painful eye (unable to open normally)
  • The surface of the eye becomes cloudy or blue over a short period of time
  • Marked redness/swelling of the eye or structures around it
  • Trauma to the eye (bleeding, damaged eyeball or eyelids, foreign matter in eye)

Download Emergencies Information Sheet


What are cataracts? The lens is situated approximately in the centre of the eye. In the normal animal it is clear and functions to focus light on the back of the eye (the retina), contributing to vision. A cataract is an opacity in the lens, which depending on its size and density can affect vision and eventually lead to blindness.

Download Cataract Surgery Information Sheet

Lens Luxation

What is lens luxation? The lens is situated approximately in the centre of the eye. In the normal animal it is clear, and held firmly in position by fine fibres all the way around it’s circumference called zonules. Its job is to focus light onto the back of the eye (the retina).

Download Lens Luxation Information Sheet

Distichia and ectopic cilia

Distichia are extra eyelashes, which appear along the eyelid margin. These usually erupt within the first few years of life and can grow on either lid and one or both eyes. They are mainly seen in dogs, and some breeds are more frequently affected.

Download Distichia and Ectopic Cilia Information Sheet


The eye is full of fluid, which is constantly produced within and drained from the eye. In some circumstances, the drainage of this fluid may be impaired, leading to an increased pressure within the eye, and developement of glaucoma. The pressure in the eye is measured during a consultation with a device called a tonometer.

Download Glaucoma Information Sheet

Hereditary Eye Disease Screening

This scheme is operated by the British Veterinary Association, in conjunction with the Kennel Club and the International Sheep Dog Society. It is in place to examine pedigree dogs for inherited conditions of the eye.

Download Hereditary Eye Disease Screening Information Sheet

Entropion and Ectropion

Entropion is the in-turning of some or all of the upper or lower eyelid. This causes significant discomfort because the haired skin and eyelashes contact the surface of the eye, which can result in a corneal ulcer.

Download Entropion and Ectropion Information Sheet

Conditions of the Third Eyelid

The third eyelid is a normal anatomical feature in dogs and cats, but is usually only just visible in the conscious animal. The most common condition of the third eyelid is prolapse of the gland.

Download Conditions of the Third Eyelid Information Sheet

Corneal Ulcer

A corneal ulcer is an area of damage to the surface of the eye. They can occur in any species, but are most frequently diagnosed in horses, dogs and cats. Corneal ulcers are usually uncomfortable and if left untreated, can be sight-threatening.

Download Corneal Ulceration Information Shee

Dry Eye

Dry eye is most commonly reported in dogs, but can occur in other species. Tears are produced by two glands near the eye, and these have an important role in lubrication, and cleanse the eye of debris.

Download Dry Eye Information Sheet

Other Referral Services

  • Orthopaedic
  • Acupuncture
  • Laser Therapy
  • Shockwave Therapy
  • H Wave and Therapeutic Ultrasound